How can you make a difference?
The Education Section, UNICEF Thailand Country Office is seeking an individual consultant to develop case studies of schools and local education authorities successfully enrolling migrant children.
The Purpose of the Assignment:
To support UNICEF and its partners working in the area of equitable access to quality education to document good practices of migrant education in Thailand. This assignment is under the EU-UNICEF “Protecting children affected by migration in Southeast, South, and Central Asia” initiative with the objective that children affected by migration are effectively protected and their rights promoted. This documentation will be a review of existing practices in Thailand in providing quality education to migrant children. It will serve as a guide to service providers and policy makers how to overcome the challenges and be able to design effective school interventions for migrants.
There are an estimated 4 to 5 million migrants in Thailand originating largely from neighboring countries such as, Myanmar, Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam. The entry of migrants to Thailand has resulted in concentration of migrants in specific areas such as Mahachai, Samut Sakorn province, one of the largest industrial fishery hub in the country and Tak province which borders Myanmar. Despite barriers, Thailand’s education system has continued to enroll more and more migrant children each year align with Education for all policy by the Royal Thai Government (RTG) and the Cabinet Resolution in 2005 that provide per head subsidy for migrant children attending basic education. The latest data from the Office of Basic Education (OBEC) reveals that out of a total school population of 6,856,272 children enrolled in OBEC schools, 135,276 were classed as non-Thai. However, the data indicates that over half of migrant children remain out of school.
In areas where there are high concentration of migrant populations, such as Tak and Samut Sakorn, there are government schools in these areas that enroll migrant children to learn alongside Thai children. However, in some areas, access to education by migrant children are more difficult. The reasons may include:
- Migrant Parents may be unaware of their child’s right to obtain education, or do not know about the enrolment process.
- School principals and education area administrators are reluctant to implement the Education for All policy, possibly due to lack of understanding about how to provide support to migrant students, financial constraints, and pressure from community.
- Thai parents may be opposed to having migrant children in the schools.
Besides the barriers that migrant children face when accessing education, many challenges remain for migrant children to remain in school. A situation analysis commissioned by UNICEF in December 2016 identified some key barriers that prevent migrant children from continuing secondary education or enrolling in formal vocational training programs. These barriers include a lack of financial support, a lack of proper documentation, and societal and familial pressure to start working immediately and provide family support. As a result, the majority of children drop out of the education system and into the precarious local job market. The same analysis asked parents of migrant children about the barriers to continuing education. Though parents generally supported the idea of education, they are concerned with the cost and with the time commitment that, they believe, could be better spent working and contributing money to the family. Government funding for schools enrolling migrant children does not cover all the associated costs –such as transportation, stationery, uniforms and food contributions – which can place a financial burden on families and lead them to take their children out of school. It also means that schools enrolling migrant children face resource constraints, as there are often extra costs for schools in terms of enrolling and retaining migrant children, such as language assistants.
Despites all these challenges, some schools have overcome such barriers and become outstanding performers in supporting migrant education. For example, “Orange Farm School” – the non-formal learning centers in Fang District, Chiangmai which provide education and life skills for migrant and stateless children. The five Learning Centres are either located within the orchards, so that attendees travel shorter distances, or outside of the orchards, which enables the Centres to be larger and more centrally located. The convenient location allows migrants to enroll their children in schools. Many partners contribute to the success of “Orange Farm School” including government, private sector, civil service organization and UNICEF.
To implement effective strategies for migrant education in Thailand, relevant stakeholders – local education authorities, school directors and personnel, local community based organisation staff, migrant students and parents and others need to learn what work well in which environment and how much it costs. In order to achieve that aim, the document of good examples in local context is needed.
It is expected that the series of case studies in this documentation will be a valuable resource and contribute to the body of knowledge on the subject and act as a technical guide and communication tool for effective approaches to be used in other schools and localities. Lesson learnt and costing component from these good practices will help policy makers, service providers and private sector to design the best approach/strategies to support migrant education. Mapping out the good practices around the country will also help the education sector establish a network of schools and professionals currently working with migrants. The platform for knowledge exchange could be developed later to serve as tools for those facing challenges in provide education for migrants.
Under the supervision of Education Officer, the consultant will:
- Review existing materials and documentation relevant to migrant education in Thailand.
- Discuss with supervisor on methodology and approach to documenting good practices and the content to be included.
- Field work involving travel and interviews, for data collection in preparation for case studies for the documentations.
- Creation of 6-10 case studies to provide practical example and success stories of schools/local education authorities supporting education of migrant children, costing component as well as the determinants of success.
- Draft the documentation material.
- Revise and edit the documentation based on feedback from UNICEF, and other stakeholder.
- Assist and provide guidance to designer about design and layout format.
- Proposed methodology to develop documentation materials.
- An initial outline of the documentation to be produced.
- Reports of field work.
- Documentation of 6-10 case studies.
- First draft of the documentation materials.
- Final draft of documentation materials.
- Final document (design and layout file).
This documentation should be 20-30 pages in length and will contain the challenges of education for migrants, the series of good practices around the country, and lesson learnt as well as the effective strategies identified from the good practices.
Estimated Duration of Contract: 50 working days over the period of December 2018 – June 2019
Official Travel: Home-based assignment. Travel is expected to conduct field work for data collection in preparation for case studies.
To qualify as a/an [champion or advocate] for every child you will have…
- University degree in Education, Social science, Anthropology, Community Development or related field.
- At least five years’ experience in the field of education.
- Expertise and experience in research and documentation, specifically related to Education.
- Proven communication, facilitation, and writing skills.
- Excellent knowledge of English (oral and in writing). Fluency in Thai and Knowledge of Burmese, Karen or other migrant languages would be an added advantage.
Interested candidates are requested to submit CV or P-11, full contact information of minimum 2 references, availability, and proposed daily professional fee in USD by 30 September 2018.
For every Child, you demonstrate…
UNICEF’s core values of Commitment, Diversity and Integrity and core competencies in Communication, Working with People and Drive for Results.
View our competency framework at
UNICEF is committed to diversity and inclusion within its workforce, and encourages all candidates, irrespective of gender, nationality, religious and ethnic backgrounds, including persons living with disabilities, to apply to become a part of the organization.
Only shortlisted candidates will be contacted and advance to the next stage of the selection process.